Tag Archives: pronoun

What is PRONOUN: Why do we have to know pronouns?

cavemenWhat is pronoun? Why is pronoun important? What are the types of pronouns?

These are some of the things discussed on this page.

A pronoun is a substitute of a noun. In other words, a pronoun takes the place of a   noun.

Take a look at the picture above. The three cavemen are having a conversation:

     Mike: Hhhmmnn. Mike cannot see Tarzan and Jane! Rick and Tim also don’t see Tarzan and Jane. Where are Tarzan and Jane?

     Rick: Rick saw Tarzan and Jane this morning , but now Rick don’t see Tarzan and Jane? Do Tim know where are Tarzan and Jane?

     Tim: Tim also don’t know. Mike, Rick and Tim just go home!

Notice how many times the names Tarzan and Jane as well as Mike Tim and Rick were mentioned. Without pronouns, everybody in the world will sound like cavemen, and everything else we say will  be full of repetitions. So that’s how important a pronoun is.

Types of Pronouns

Here are the common types of pronouns as well as some of their examples.

Personal Pronoun  – It is a pronoun which is used to point out people or things.

Subject Case:  I         We       You        They        He        She       It

Object Case:  me        us          you        them       him       her        it

Possessive Case: mine     ours     yours    theirs        his      hers

Interrogative Pronoun – It is a pronoun used to ask questions.

Who           Whom          Whose          Which        What

Indefinite Pronoun It is a pronoun which is used to point out someone or something without telling exactly what it is, which one, how much or how many.

somebody      someone      something    anyone      anything     any     nothing

none               no one           nobody          everything      everyone   all       some

each               much              few               many

Demonstrative Pronoun – It is a pronoun which is used to point to people or things emphasizing the distance and the number. 

                                     near                  far  

     Singular                 this                            that

     Plural                     these                      those

Possessive Pronoun – It is a pronoun which shows ownership or possession.

mine            ours              yours              theirs                his                hers               its

Relative Pronoun –  It is a pronoun which introduces a relative clause.

What                Which                     Whose                   Whom                   That

Reflexive Pronoun – It is a pronoun which comes with a suffix (-self/-selves). This pronoun is used to point back to the subject of the sentence.

myself             yourself/yourselves             ourselves               themselves              himself                  herself              itself

Here is a very good video for you to watch!

I hope you like this post. Feel free to suggest or comment. Thanks and enjoy!

See also NOUNS for beginners.

Meaning of Verb – Action Verb or Linking Verb

Eight Parts of Speech

Advertisements

9 Comments

Filed under Grammar

Nouns for Beginners

IMG_20130128_231431

So what is a noun? What are the two main classes of nouns? Let’s study nouns the easiest way that we can.

I used to teach Korean students too, and I know how difficult it is to make some of them, especially the “newly arrived”, understand even simple words. Now let’s start by considering the definition and some examples of nouns.

The Eight Parts of Speech are:  Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb,      Conjunction, Preposition and Interjection. For now, let’s concentrate on nouns.

NOUN  

A noun is a name of a person, a place or a thing.  Take a minute to look around you. You may as well want to open the window to enjoy the view. Anything that you see, smell, touch, taste or hear around you is a noun. Every thing that has a name is a noun.

For Example:

Person: boy, girl, mother, father, queen, uncle, doctor

Place: Korea, Japan, market, school, Rome

Thing: bag, computer, book, chair, dictionary

These are the two main classes of nouns: The Proper Nouns and the Common Nouns.

Proper Noun It is the specific name of a person a place or a thing. It always starts with a capital letter unless it begins a sentence.

Common NounA name shared in common by a person, a place or a thing. It usually begins with a small letter.

Examples:

     Proper                                 Common

Michael                                                       boy

Samsung                                        dictionary

Korea                                                       place

Obama                                            president

Diana                                                  princess

The boy named Michael is my brother.

The brand of my dictionary is Samsung.

The place I most want to visit is Korea.

The president of United States is Obama.

Diana is the name of the princess I love the most.

Now, under the category common noun, we have sub categories. They are concrete, abstract, collective and  possessive nouns.

A concrete noun is anything you can touch, smell, hear, feel or taste. In other words, this is the noun of the senses.

Examples: book, chair, table, computer, apple, mango, radio, noise, etc.

An abstract noun is the exact opposite of a concrete noun. Anything that you cannot perceive by your senses is an abstract noun.

Examples: glory, blessing, power, wisdom, anger, hope, etc.

A collective noun comes as group and is treated as a single unit.

163762_489736997055_8185487_n

Possessive Noun: Teacher Hennie’s class

Examples: family, class, group, team, herd, school, colony,  army, band, etc.

Possessive nouns show ownership. We usually add apostrophe (‘) and -s after a noun to show possession.

Examples:

I like the dress of Mary.     —>     I like Mary’s dress.

My friend wants to borrow the dictionary of Jane.     –>     Jane’s dictionary

Terry enjoys playing with the toys of Dany.      –>    Dany’s toys

To better help you understand and remember the lesson, here is a good noun song you can watch. Check this out and enjoy!

To those ESL teachers and beginner students out there, I hope you find this page useful.

See also PRONOUNS: Why do we have to study them?

                  Meaning of Verb – Action Verb or Linking Verb

                  Eight Parts of Speech

105 Comments

Filed under Grammar